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David Dodd

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The OpenSSL is based on SSLeay library developed by Eric A. Young and Tim J. Hudson and licensed under an Apache-style license. OpenSSL has lots of features but I will cover encoding, checksums, encryption, passwords and pass phrases. Many Linux distributions have OpenSSL as part of the bundled packages and is most likely located in /usr/bin. To find it on your system type: $ which openssl /usr/bin/openssl $ openssl version OpenSSL 1.0.0a 1 Jun 2010 Versions may vary and currently openssl-1.0.0d Feb 8 is the current version. Most of the examples that are found in this document should work on most versions. Base64 encoding and decoding can be performed alone or used in conjunction with encryption and decryption. Below we are encoding a file with base64: $ openssl base64 -in text.txt -out text.3634 Now we are decoding it: $ openssl base64 -d -in text.3634 -out text.tx... (more)

Intruder Detection with tcpdump

To capture, parse, and analyze traffic tcpdump is a very powerful tool. To begin a basic capture uses the following syntax. tcpdump -n –i -s -n      tells tcpdump to not resolve IP addresses to domain names and port numbers to service names. -I       tells tcpdump which interface to use. -s      tells tcpdump how much of the packet to record. I used 1515 but 1514 is sufficient for most cases. If you don’t specify a size then it will only capture the first 68 bytes of each packet. A snaplen value of 0 which will use the required length to ... (more)

Planning, Scoping and Recon Techniques

The purpose of this article is to describe some tools and techniques in performing the planning, scoping, and recon portion of a penetration test. In covering these tools and techniques the reader will learn how to use them to find vulnerabilities in their organization and help improve security posture. Some other names for this first phase of penetration testing are; OSINT (Open Source Intelligence), Footprinting, Discovery, and Cyberstalking. Introduction During reconnaissance we'll gather information from public sources to learn about the target and try to find what is importan... (more)

Capture File Filtering with Wireshark

Intrusion detection tools that use the libpcap C/ C++ library [1] for network traffic capture (such as Snort [2] and Tcpdump [1]) can output packet capture information to a file for later reference. The format of this capture file is known as pcap. By capturing packet data to a file, an investigator can return later to study the history of an intrusion attempt – or to turn up other important clues about clandestine activity on the network. Of course, the traffic history data stored in a pcap file is much too vast to study by just viewing the file manually. Security experts use spe... (more)

Post Exploitation Using Metasploit Pivot and Port Forward

The Metasploit Framework is a penetration testing toolkit, exploit development platform, and research tool. The framework includes hundreds of working remote exploits for a variety of platforms. Payloads, encoders, and nop slide generators can be mixed and matched with exploit modules to solve almost any exploit-related task. A very nice feature in Metasploit is the ability to pivot through a Meterpreter session to the network on the other side. This tutorial walks you through how this is done once you have a Meterpreter session on a foreign box. We begin right after a client sid... (more)