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David Dodd

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In a previous article [1], I described how to obtain a memory image from a Windows computer that would allow forensic analysis. I briefly discussed using F-Response TACTICAL [2] to get the memory image, and then Volatility [3] and Mandiant Redline [4] for further investigation. In this paper, I dive more deeply into Redline and Volatility. To begin, I review a raw memory dump of a known malware variant (see the "Malware Image" box) with Mandiant Redline. After firing up Redline, I chose By Analyzing a Saved Memory File under Analyze Data and browsed to the location of the memory image. Next, I edited my script to include Strings for both Process Listing and Driver Enumeration. Finally, I chose a destination to store the output for future analysis and to analyze memory dumps. Malware Image The malware image I am using in this article is a variant found by the Palo Al... (more)

Malware Analysis | Part 1

Having your network environment protected with the latest virus protection, control what software is installed and allowed to run, restrict ingress and egress network access, protect web browsing, limit user account access, update security patches, change management practices, etc. All these efforts are critical to follow in the corporate environment but all will fall short if you don't have the proper monitoring in place to detect badness on your network and to respond quickly and effectively when it happens. When your network has the proper monitoring in place and knowledgeable... (more)

Network Security: Arp Cache Poisoning and Sniffing Packets

In a switched network environment packets are sent to their destination port by MAC address. This requires that hardware be able to create and maintain a table associating MAC addresses to ports. In a switched environment packets are only sent to devices that they are meant for. Even in this switched environment there are ways to sniff other devices' packets. One such way is to spoof your MAC address and poison the arp table. Since there is no state information about ARP traffic kept, as it's a simple protocol, the arp cache can be overwritten (unless the entry was explicitly mar... (more)

Capture File Filtering with Wireshark

Intrusion detection tools that use the libpcap C/ C++ library [1] for network traffic capture (such as Snort [2] and Tcpdump [1]) can output packet capture information to a file for later reference. The format of this capture file is known as pcap. By capturing packet data to a file, an investigator can return later to study the history of an intrusion attempt – or to turn up other important clues about clandestine activity on the network. Of course, the traffic history data stored in a pcap file is much too vast to study by just viewing the file manually. Security experts use spe... (more)

Post Exploitation Using Metasploit Pivot and Port Forward

The Metasploit Framework is a penetration testing toolkit, exploit development platform, and research tool. The framework includes hundreds of working remote exploits for a variety of platforms. Payloads, encoders, and nop slide generators can be mixed and matched with exploit modules to solve almost any exploit-related task. A very nice feature in Metasploit is the ability to pivot through a Meterpreter session to the network on the other side. This tutorial walks you through how this is done once you have a Meterpreter session on a foreign box. We begin right after a client sid... (more)