How secure is your network?

David Dodd

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Top Stories by David Dodd

Having your network environment protected with the latest virus protection, control what software is installed and allowed to run, restrict ingress and egress network access, protect web browsing, limit user account access, update security patches, change management practices, etc. All these efforts are critical to follow in the corporate environment but all will fall short if you don't have the proper monitoring in place to detect badness on your network and to respond quickly and effectively when it happens. When your network has the proper monitoring in place and knowledgeable engineers to monitor for outbreaks you will begin to have better visibility of how network traffic flows in your environment. When you understand how traffic flows on your network you can respond better when badness happens. I will demonstrate how to use a number of tools to analyze a memory... (more)

Scanning Tools: The Target Environment

The goal of the scanning phase is to learn more information about the target environment and discover openings by interacting with that target environment. This article will look at some of the most useful scanning tools freely available today and how to best use them. During this process we'll perform a number of scans. Scan Types Network sweeping - Basic technique used to determine which of a range of IP addresses map to live hosts. Network tracing – A facility for tracing the route of a computer that is connected to the Internet. Port scanning – software application designed... (more)

Planning, Scoping and Recon Techniques

The purpose of this article is to describe some tools and techniques in performing the planning, scoping, and recon portion of a penetration test. In covering these tools and techniques the reader will learn how to use them to find vulnerabilities in their organization and help improve security posture. Some other names for this first phase of penetration testing are; OSINT (Open Source Intelligence), Footprinting, Discovery, and Cyberstalking. Introduction During reconnaissance we'll gather information from public sources to learn about the target and try to find what is importan... (more)

Network Security: Arp Cache Poisoning and Sniffing Packets

In a switched network environment packets are sent to their destination port by MAC address. This requires that hardware be able to create and maintain a table associating MAC addresses to ports. In a switched environment packets are only sent to devices that they are meant for. Even in this switched environment there are ways to sniff other devices' packets. One such way is to spoof your MAC address and poison the arp table. Since there is no state information about ARP traffic kept, as it's a simple protocol, the arp cache can be overwritten (unless the entry was explicitly mar... (more)

Capture File Filtering with Wireshark

Intrusion detection tools that use the libpcap C/ C++ library [1] for network traffic capture (such as Snort [2] and Tcpdump [1]) can output packet capture information to a file for later reference. The format of this capture file is known as pcap. By capturing packet data to a file, an investigator can return later to study the history of an intrusion attempt – or to turn up other important clues about clandestine activity on the network. Of course, the traffic history data stored in a pcap file is much too vast to study by just viewing the file manually. Security experts use spe... (more)